The World Health Organization annually updates the list of global threats to humanity. This year, along with cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, he got a refusal of vaccinations.
People who speak out against vaccinations and do not vaccinate their children – anti- vaccines , not only risk themselves, but also put others at risk. Moreover, the threat is quite real, just remember the autumn measles epidemic in Europe and Ukraine. Increased migration flows only exacerbate the situation.
How to sign up for a vaccination?
All vaccinations for adults included in the National Preventive Vaccination Schedule can be delivered free of charge at the district polyclinic. All you need to take is a compulsory medical insurance policy, make an appointment with a therapist and get a referral to the vaccination room. Vaccinations are given strictly on the day of examination by a therapist.
Vaccination is carried out against the background of complete health. It is not recommended to vaccinate during exacerbations of chronic diseases or ARVI / ARI. In this case, it is necessary to wait 10-14 days after the illness and then go to the doctor.
Information about all vaccinations with the name of the vaccine is entered into your personal Certificate of Preventive Vaccinations, and endorsed by the medical institution. The certificate remains in your hands and is valid throughout Russia.
Preventive vaccinations from the National Calendar
Revaccination is repeated every 10 years for adults over 18 years of age. A combined vaccine is used. There are no absolute contraindications.
Diphtheria is spread from person to person. The disease is very contagious and insidious: at the initial stage, the infection is disguised not just as an acute respiratory disease, but as a lung acute respiratory infection. Further – it resembles the symptoms of angina. The main danger of diphtheria is severe complications for the heart, kidneys, blood coagulation system, and the respiratory system.
To assess the level of immunity and protection against diphtheria before vaccination, you can perform the test for “Antibodies to diphtheria toxoid (RPHA, total)” in CITILAB (research code 45-20-401).
Hepatitis B virus
Unvaccinated adults should be vaccinated regularly from 18 to 55 years of age. Depending on the order of revaccination and the strength of the immune system, it is repeated after 3 or 5 years. You can check whether immunity has formed using a laboratory test at CITILAB. This is the Anti- HBs Antibodies total test . Read more about the hepatitis B virus in a separate article .
A viral, highly contagious disease. In adults who have not been vaccinated with the measles vaccine, it is more severe than in children and causes serious complications in the form of pneumonia, lesions of the cornea of the eye, meningitis, meningoencephalitis . Immunity after vaccination lasts 12 years or more. To assess the strength of post-vaccination immunity to measles virus in CITILAB, you can perform the study “Antibodies to measles virus IgG ” (studies 43-20-110).
The rubella virus is especially dangerous to the fetus. Therefore, the rubella vaccine is recommended to be given to all women from 18 to 25 years old who are planning a pregnancy, who have not previously been ill, not vaccinated, vaccinated once, or who have no information about rubella vaccinations.
When planning a pregnancy, before vaccination, you can perform a test in CITILAB for the presence of immunity to rubella: “Rubella antibodies IgG .
Dangerous for its complications. Therefore, the vaccine is recommended to be repeated annually. The vaccination is especially recommended for those who have chronic diseases of the lungs, cardiovascular system, diabetes mellitus, obesity, as well as older people over 60 years old.
Vaccinations not included in the National Preventive Vaccination Schedule are paid additionally. These include pneumococcal infection, hepatitis A, tick-borne encephalitis, shigillosis (dysentery).
Doctors of CITILAB remind that timely vaccination is one of the most effective ways to prevent serious infections and their spread.