Signs and symptoms of addiction

Posted on October 22, 2020  in Medical news

Effective treatment of drug addiction is possible only with the timely diagnosis of the disease. The addict himself is only rarely able to admit the existence of problems, but even in this case, only 1 out of 10 will turn for help. Therefore, the responsibility for the life of drug addicts falls on the shoulders of close relatives.

Below we will consider both the general signs of drug use and the symptoms of exposure to specific drug groups. Using this information, you will be able to timely recognize an impending disaster and seek help from specialists.

The systematic use of drugs always leads to serious changes in the life of any person. Changes occur in all spheres of life, and as a rule, simultaneously and in a short period of time. Within six months, drug addicts lose their jobs, morale, health. Someone needs more time, someone less, but the result will always be the same. Of course, such changes are always noticed in the family, but love for our loved ones often prevents us from seeing the true reason for what is happening.

Let’s try to understand in detail how a person’s life changes after getting acquainted with drugs.

  • Problems at school or at work. Children begin to skip school, interest in learning disappears, and academic performance falls. The situation is similar for adults, first skipping work and low productivity, and then firing. Drug addiction and any productive activity that requires mental or physical labor are incompatible;
  • Appearance. Drug addiction makes a person unkempt, drug addicts stop taking care of themselves. With prolonged use of drugs, the skin color may change, the appearance is always tired;
  • The daily routine is violated. A person confuses day and night, may not sleep for several days, and then pass sleepy for several days and fall asleep during the day;
  • Increased aggression towards others, nervousness. Drug addiction is necessarily accompanied by unreasonable aggression. As a rule, most of all goes to relatives and friends;
  • Mood swings. Depression can be replaced by high spirits for no apparent reason, and vice versa. Without a dose, addicts spend most of their time depressed;
  • Financial difficulties. Adolescents have an increased need for money. Adults start borrowing, taking out loans and getting into debt. It comes to the point that some take things out of the house or commit more serious crimes.

The above signs are manifested in one way or another in the long term with the use of any type of drug. To understand what specific narcotic substance we are talking about, it is necessary to dwell on each of them in more detail.

Addiction statistics

Posted on October 18, 2020  in Medical news

Today in Russia more than 8,000,000 people use drugs, of which 700,000 are officially registered with a diagnosis of drug addiction. It should be borne in mind that the real numbers are much higher than the official data tell us. The statistics are truly terrifying. In addition, over the past 20 years there has been a serious “rejuvenation” among drug addicts. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), over the past two decades, the number of drug addicts between the ages of 14 and 18 has grown by more than 15 times. The majority of drug addicts fall within the age range from 20 to 35 years.

This effect of early addiction to drugs in recent years is due to the emergence of new synthetic drugs ( spice , salt). For a long time, these substances were sold legally, and their use was not punishable by law. Today the picture has changed a lot, smoking mixtures are included in the list of prohibited ones and are equated to hard drugs of the opium series, their distribution and use is severely punished at the legislative level. However, the number of people dependent on spice and salts continues to grow steadily, especially for young people. Synthetic drugs are sold cheaply and in large quantities, and can be purchased by any teenager who knows how to use a smartphone. Serious psychological dependence is formed after the first use, addiction at the physical level develops after several doses, followed by withdrawal syndrome or brittleness.

Causes of addiction

The reasons for the formation and development of drug addiction can be different. As a rule, they appear in a complex and it is difficult to single out any one. In each case, various factors can push a person to use drugs.

The causes of drug addiction can be roughly divided into three groups:

  • Physiological;
  • Social;
  • Psychological.

One of the main physiological causes of drug addiction is heredity. More specifically, children of alcoholics and drug addicts are born with an imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain that are responsible for the delivery of the hormones of happiness: serotonin, endorphins, and dopamine. In life, this manifests itself in the form of an unstable emotional state, a predisposition to stress, an increased level of anxiety and internal dissatisfaction.

In the first stage , drug use helps the person overcome the above symptoms. Instead of anxiety comes calmness, satisfaction, a sense of self-sufficiency. The insidiousness of drug addiction, as a disease, lies in the fact that drugs each time bring less pleasure, and a person wants more and more. So, in the doomed to failure pursuit of “high”, overdoses occur, so drug addicts switch to heavier drugs.

The psychological reasons for addiction include:

  • Immaturity;
  • Dissatisfaction with your own life;
  • Low level of responsibility;
  • Failure to enjoy healthy ways
  • Inability to solve accumulated problems;
  • Lack of hobbies and vital interests;
  • Childhood injuries;
  • Other internal conflicts.

The foundations of personality are laid at an early age. Therefore, a lot depends on the parents and the immediate environment of the child. Firmness of character, self-confidence, conscious choice in favor of a healthy lifestyle are the foundations of a full-fledged and self-sufficient personality. Such a person will be able to resist external influences, defending their own interests. After all, it is under the influence of bad company, out of a desire to be accepted and not stand out, that teenagers first try drugs.

The social situation in the country is also extremely important. For example, television today is full of hidden propaganda of immoral lifestyles. Various attributes 228, AUE, 4.20, which are directly related to drug use, are popular among schoolchildren and students .

Public opinion and social environment play an extremely important role. The Soviet Union, where there were no drugs at all, is a good example. A healthy lifestyle was popular in the USSR. If a guy didn’t go to the army, then they always looked at him askance. Today everything is completely different.


Posted on October 14, 2020  in Medical news

Author: Irina Nikolaevna Aleshina

PhD in Psychology

Associate Professor at the Department of Pedagogical and Developmental Psychology. Tambov State University

Drug addiction is a severe, progressive disease caused by the use of drugs. It is important to understand that everyone can be at the mercy of drugs, regardless of social status, age and gender.


drug addiction has a detrimental effect on all areas of human life. Mental and physical health suffers, mental and social degradation progresses, the system of life values ​​is disrupted. That is why, drug addiction is much more dangerous than other diseases, and drug addiction treatment is possible only with an integrated and comprehensive approach.

Unfortunately, society is not sufficiently informed about the problem of drug addiction, which makes our citizens vulnerable to this disease. The insidiousness of this disease becomes obvious only after “acquaintance” with it personally, or on the example of someone from the family. Then we see with our own eyes how drugs can change the character and personality of a person, making him irresponsible and completely uncontrollable. But even realizing the seriousness and severity of the consequences, many continue to make the main mistake – to wait!

Usually it happens in the following way – the addict builds the illusion that he has everything under control, that he will get a job on Monday, leave for another city, that he uses today, but no longer tomorrow. Many people simply do not acknowledge the existence of the problem, even after losing their health, financial wealth and close friends. Relatives, in turn, can continue for a long time to follow the empty promises of a dependent (sick) person who simply does not control his life. Surprising as it may seem, a well-meaning family can help a drug addict destroy himself. There are many cases when parents give their children money for a substance, just not seeing any other way out.

Important! At the first sign of drug use, it is necessary to urgently consult a specialist. Our center’s anonymous hotline works around the clock. The call does not oblige you to anything, but it will help you better understand the current situation and find a way out of it.


Posted on October 10, 2020  in Medical news

The syndrome of movement disorders in children of the first year of life may be accompanied by MUSCLE DYSTONIA , in which muscle hypotension alternates with hypertension. At rest, these children show general muscular hypotonia during passive movements. When an attempt is made to actively perform any movement, with positive or negative emotional reactions, muscle tone sharply increases, pathological tonic reflexes become pronounced . These conditions are called ” dystonic attacks “. Most often, muscular dystonia is observed in children who have undergone hemolytic disease as a result of Rh – or ABO – incompatibility. The pronounced syndrome of muscular dystonia makes it practically impossible for a child to develop straightening reflexes of the trunk and balance reactions due to the constantly changing muscle tone. The syndrome of mild transient muscular dystonia does not significantly affect the age-related motor development of the child.


The syndrome of muscular hypertension is characterized by an increase in resistance to passive movements, limitation of spontaneous and voluntary motor activity, an increase in tendon reflexes, an expansion of their zone, and clonuses of the feet. An increase in muscle tone can prevail in flexor or extensor muscle groups, in the adductor muscles of the thighs, which is expressed in a certain specificity of the clinical picture, however, it is only a relative criterion for topical diagnosis in young children. Due to the incompleteness of the processes of myelination, the symptoms of Babinsky , Oppenheim, Gordon cannot always be considered pathological. Normally, they are mild , unstable and weaken as the child develops, but with an increase in muscle tone they become bright and do not tend to fade.

The severity of the syndrome of muscular hypertension can vary from a slight increase in resistance to passive movements to complete stiffness (posture of decerebral rigidity), when any movement is practically impossible. In these cases, even muscle relaxants are unable to induce muscle relaxation, let alone passive movements. If the syndrome of muscular hypertension is not clearly expressed , does not combine with pathological tonic reflexes and other neurological disorders, its effect on the development of static and locomotor functions may manifest itself in their slight delay at various stages of the first year of life. Depending on in which muscle groups the tone is more increased, the differentiation and final consolidation of certain motor skills will be delayed. So, with an increase in muscle tone in the hands, a delay in the development of the direction of the hands to the object, the capture of the toy, and the manipulation of objects are noted. The development of the grasping ability of the hands is especially impaired. Along with the fact that the child begins to take the toy later, he retains an ulnar grip, or grip with the entire hand , for a long time . The grip with the fingers (forceps) is slow to form and sometimes requires additional stimulation. The development of the protective function of the hands may be delayed, then the balance reactions in the prone position, sitting, standing and walking are also delayed, respectively. With an increase in muscle tone in the legs, the formation of the support reaction of the legs and independent standing is delayed. Children are reluctant to get up on their feet, prefer to crawl, on the support they stand on their toes (on tiptoes) – this is very bad.


Posted on October 6, 2020  in Medical news

Movement disorders in newborns and infants are fundamentally different from those in older children and adults. Brain damage in the early stages of ontogenesis in most cases causes generalized changes, which makes topical diagnosis extremely difficult. More often we can only talk about the predominant defeat of those or other parts of the brain.

Pyramidal and extrapyramidal disorders in children

Differential diagnosis in young children between pyramidal and extrapyramidal disorders (symptoms) causes some difficulties. The main characteristics in the diagnosis of movement disorders in the first year of life are muscle tone and reflex activity. Symptoms of changes in muscle tone may differ at different ages in a child. This is especially true for the first and second age periods (up to 3 months), when the child has physiological hypertension.

Changes in muscle tone are manifested by muscle hypotension, dystonia, and hypertension.


Muscular hypotension syndrome, causes, symptoms, signs of hypotonus

The syndrome of muscle hypotension is characterized by a decrease in resistance to passive movements and an increase in their volume. Spontaneous and voluntary motor activity is limited, tendon reflexes can be normal, increased, decreased or absent depending on the level of damage to the nervous system. Muscular hypotension is one of the most commonly found syndromes in newborns and infants . It can be expressed from birth, as is the case with congenital forms of neuromuscular diseases, asphyxia, intracranial and spinal birth trauma, damage to the peripheral nervous system, some hereditary metabolic disorders, in children with congenital or early acquired dementia, chromosomal syndromes. At the same time, hypotension may appear or become more pronounced at any age period if the clinical symptoms of the disease begin several months after birth or are progressive in nature. Hypotension, expressed from birth, can transform into normotonia , dystonia, hypertension, or remain the leading symptom throughout the first year of life. The severity of the clinical manifestations of muscle hypotension varies from a slight decrease in resistance to passive movements to complete atony and the absence of active movements.

Retardation and retardation of psychomotor development with muscle hypotension, hypotonia

If the syndrome of muscle hypotension is mild and does not combine with other neurological disorders, it either does not affect the age-related development of the child, or causes a delay in motor development, more often in the second half of life. The lag is uneven, more complex motor functions are delayed, requiring coordinated activity of many muscle groups for their implementation. So, a planted child sits for 9 months, but cannot sit on his own. These children begin to walk later and the supported walking period is delayed for a long time. Muscle hypotension can be limited to one limb (traumatic paresis of the legs, obstetric paresis of the hand). In these cases, the delay will be partial.

Delay in psycho- motor development in muscle hypotension in children

The pronounced muscle hypotension syndrome has a significant effect on the delay in motor development . Thus, motor skills in the congenital form of Werdnig – Hoffmann spinal amyotrophy in a child of 9 to 10 months may correspond to the age of 2 to 3 months. The delay in motor development, in turn, becomes the cause of the peculiarities of the formation of mental functions. For example, the lack of the possibility of voluntary gripping of an object leads to underdevelopment of visual-motor coordination and manipulative activity. Since muscle hypotonia is often combined with other neurological disorders (convulsions, hydrocephalus, cranial nerve paresis, congenital paralysis of the facial nerve ), the latter can modify the nature of developmental delay, determined by hypotension as such. The quality of the muscle hypotension syndrome itself and its effect on developmental delay will vary with the disease. With convulsions, congenital or early acquired dementia, not so much hypotension as delayed mental development is the reason for the lag in motor, motor development.


Posted on October 2, 2020  in Medical news

One of the manifestations of vital activity is the motor function,

providing the movement of the entire organism or its individual parts, allowing active interaction with the external environment. The final performer of any motor act is the contraction of striated and smooth muscles, which are innervated by the somatic and autonomic nervous systems, respectively. We will tell you about the syndromes of movement disorders in children .

Newborn baby, baby

A newborn child is a pallidary creature, most of whose responses are closed at the level of the visual hillock and pallidum. Subsequently, in the process of maturation of the structures located above, the inhibition of phylogenetically more ancient formations occurs and, as a consequence, the modification of the response reactions of the organism. At the same time, the new level of regulation is located above the old and subordinates it to itself. These classical concepts in neuropathology are supplemented with new data on the circulation of excitation in closed annular orbits.

Periods of psychomotor activity in children

In infants, depending on the level of integration, there are 3 periods of psychomotor activity:

1. Thalamopallidary (from birth to 4 months).

2. Striopallidal (from 4 to 10 months), in which there is a decrease in muscle tone and the development of purposeful movements.

3. The period of maturation of the higher cortical functions with the development of complex conditioned reflexes and speech (after 10 months).

Phases of development of children’s motor skills

This sequential morphofunctional development of the brain predetermines the phases of development of children’s motor skills:

1. Spontaneous physical activity (from 4 days of life to 2 months).

2. Monokinetic phase (from 2 to 5 months), characterized by independent movements of individual limbs.

3. Dromokinetic (from 5 to 12 months), in which movements receive a specific direction, but are not yet sure.

4. Kraticinetic (from 12 months), characterized by the transition to adult motor skills , improvement of coordination and normalization of tone.

Children’s motor skills, motor development in children

Children’s motor skills develop in an ascending line – from simple to more complex movements. In case of damage to various parts of the brain, the child may experience those reflex motor reactions that took place at the previous stages of development.

Tramadol as a drug

The abuse of prescription opioids , including tramadol , has remained extremely high over the past 20 years, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) . In a therapeutic dose, the narcotic analgesic is safe. The harm associated with it is due to the development of dependence and cases of fatal overdose, especially in combination with other psychoactive substances.

Opioid analgesic tramadol

Tramadol (” Tramal “, ” Sintradon “) is a fairly old opioid analgesic that is widely used in medicine for the relief of moderate to severe pain, in particular in cancer patients. Its analgesic activity is only 5 times less than that of morphine. The substance is sold as a monopreparation or in combination with paracetamol ( Paratram Zaldiar ).

Chemical properties

The features of a drug compound are due to its structure. Tramadol is a synthetic opioid with agonist-antagonist properties. Pharmaceutical action is carried out in accordance with the following mechanisms:

  • Activation of opioid mu, delta and kappa receptors.
  • Slowing down the metabolism of neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine) and their stabilization – the effect on the monoaminergic system.
  • Opening of ion channels and hyperpolarization of the membranes of the cells of the nervous system.

The activation of one or several mechanisms depends on the optical structure of the substance. Tramadol is usually a mixture of isomers (racemate), so there is no significant overload of any of the systems. This explains the fewer side effects compared to the same morphine.

Is tramadol a narcotic drug?

During the initial study of tramadol , when the participation of the opioid system in the formation of the analgesic effect was confirmed, it was boldly attributed to the group of narcotic analgesics. The establishment of a mixed mechanism of action made it possible to explain the weak severity of side effects inherent in other “brothers” of morphine, but the question of its pharmaceutical affiliation remains open. On the territory of Russia, the drug is included in the list of Vital and Essential Medicines (VED), but in Ukraine and the Republic of Belarus it is included in the list of narcotic drugs.

Thus, according to the current classification of the Russian Federation, tramadol is not considered a drug, since it was classified as a potent substance, but you still need a prescription from a doctor to buy it. At the same time, the fact of non-medical use of the drug in doses that significantly exceed the therapeutic range remains indisputable. The exact path of development of addiction is still poorly understood, but it is generally accepted.

The worst consequence is irreversible mental deterioration

It is necessary to recognize addiction as early as possible and begin to treat it.

Recreational use

The analgesic is presented in various dosage forms, but the easiest way is to get capsules and tablets, the dosage depends on the manufacturer. Tramadol is popular for drug addicts for the following reasons:

  • improves mood
  • relieves feeling of tiredness
  • relieves pain of varying intensity
  • alleviation of symptoms of depression and anxiety syndrome
  • causes a qualitative change in the perception of the surrounding reality

Often illegal users use the medication to increase the duration of intercourse. However, this effect is inconsistent and less pronounced than that of stimulants.

Narcotic effect

The maximum daily dose in medicine does not exceed 0.4 g. Recreational use starts from 0.6 g. In drug addicts taking tramadol , the narcotic effect has the following features:

  • euphoria is strong, accompanies almost the entire period of intoxication;
  • the duration of the “trip” – 7-10 hours;
  • consumers have stereotypes – they begin to get a “high” from banal actions that attracted their attention, for example, from their own breath or prolonged observation of a tree;
  • symptoms of depression of the central nervous system are expressed – slowness, inhibition of reactions, drowsiness, inhibition of reflexes;
  • there is also a stimulating effect due to the duality of the mechanism of action.

It has been proven that even with regular intake in a dose of up to 300 mg, the development of tolerance and drug dependence is very rare.

Of course, the effect of tramadol on the body has its own characteristics. The propensity for drug addiction depends on the initial state of health (and psyche) of the person, as well as the concentration of the substance in the blood.

Findings from various studies suggest that high levels of abuse of tramadol are due to its easy access in pharmacies and the illicit market (it is sold in large quantities), its lower price compared to illegal drugs, and the opinion among consumers that tramadol is also safe as any other prescription drug and the ease with which it can be hidden. ”

Is tramadol effective for withdrawal ?

The exchange of supposedly useful information is actively flourishing among drug addicts. So, once they tried to conduct experiments on the relief of opiate withdrawal syndrome using this analgesic, but they showed disappointing results. According to current clinical guidelines and protocols, tramadol is simply useless for drugs and withdrawal symptoms.

Due to the pharmacological characteristics, the drug cannot be used for substitution therapy for persons with opioid dependence. Indeed, it can temporarily suppress the pain of withdrawal, but the consequences may be irreversible. Tramadol is not recommended for “withdrawal symptoms”, since its antagonistic properties can only intensify an already serious condition, up to a lethal outcome.


The use of an analgesic is considered relatively safe, and requires the establishment of clear indications for the appointment. It is important to take into account that in people with liver and kidney disease, the excretion of tramadol and its metabolites slows down . To avoid excessive accumulation of a toxic substance in the body, you should increase the intervals between doses, or replace it with another drug.

Therapeutic doses of tramadol practically do not have a negative effect on the cardiovascular system and respiration, but they inhibit the peristalsis of the digestive tract. Drug addicts sometimes exceed the permissible amount several times, so side effects cannot be avoided. The most dangerous mixing of an opioid with other psychoactive substances, including alcohol, due to excessive depression of the respiratory center.

Side effects and contraindications

Usually symptomatic tramadol treatment is well tolerated. Non-prescription use in large doses is accompanied by the following side effects:

  • tachycardia
  • drop in blood pressure with subsequent impairment of consciousness – fainting, coma
  • sweating
  • headaches
  • overwhelming muscle weakness
  • severe lethargy – stupor, stupor (the patient cannot even understand what is being asked of him)
  • insomnia
  • loss of coordination of movements, violation of gait
  • epileptiform seizures – a distinctive feature of tramadol intoxication, typical for opiates with experience
  • dry mouth
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • abdominal pain
  • dysphagia – swallowing disorder
  • acute urinary retention
  • allergic reactions – rash, urticaria, Quincke’s edema , anaphylaxis
  • dyspnea

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A paradoxical variant of the development of events is possible, when an overdose is accompanied by stimulation of the central nervous system – tremor (trembling of body parts), aggression, anxiety, psychosis with hallucinations. Tramadol is contraindicated in the following cases:

  • clinic of severe respiratory depression, for example, with alcohol intoxication or pulmonary hypertension
  • history of opiate and other substance abuse
  • suicidal tendencies
  • concomitant use of antidepressants
  • critical dysfunction (failure) of the liver and kidneys
  • pregnancy and lactation
  • epilepsy
  • traumatic brain injury

Prescription analgesic abuse begins in adolescence. In young people, the severity of side effects is much greater, as is the likelihood of death in the outcome of complications. In case of acute development of suspicious symptoms, you must immediately call an ambulance team.

The consequences of long-term abuse

In the long term, the complications are not much different from those in other opioid addictions. After a few weeks of using overdoses of tramadol , the following consequences may develop:

  • toxic hepatitis
  • inflammatory lesions of the mucous membrane of the digestive tract – from dyspepsia to acute stomach ulcers
  • multiple organ failure
  • convulsions
  • depression
  • aggressiveness
  • tendency to violence with abrupt withdrawal of the drug
  • encephalopathy – a violation of the functioning of the nervous system, which is manifested by neuropsychiatric disorders

Clinical cases of the development of early infertility and menstrual dysfunction in young people who began to abuse the analgesic as early as adolescence are also described. Large doses of the substance lead to excessive inhibition of the regulatory centers of the central nervous system. The result is coma, status epilepticus, respiratory arrest and cardiac arrest.

Tropicamide is a life-crippling drug

Tropicamide is a fairly popular pharmacy drug that can be obtained without much difficulty. It was originally intended for use in ophthalmology. Oculists prescribe this remedy as an anti-inflammatory. Tropicamide is also used for retinal surgery and is indispensable in the diagnosis of disorders such as glaucoma and cataracts.

People who are addicted to drugs use these drops because of the pronounced effect of opiates. Recently, there are more and more fans of tropicamide . Young people strive to experience the buzz and carelessly acquire eye drops without thinking about the dire consequences. Tropicamide replaced ephedrone , which took time to prepare, and it also successfully replaced Coaxil . Interestingly, until recently, drug addicts used drops to put in order narrowed pupils. Today, tropicamide is available over the counter at many pharmacies .

Attention! The consequences can be unpredictable and irreversible! If you need help, don’t hesitate: contact us now.

Tropicamide as a narcotic

Thrill-seekers use drops both in combination with opiates and as an independent drug. Method of use – intramuscular, intravenous, oral. Some patients add eye drops to opium or heroin: this can significantly enhance the narcotic effect, return the previous high and, unfortunately, doom themselves to crushing addiction. A person begins to experience an irresistible craving for the drug, his withdrawal symptoms turn into hellish torment. The required dose is gradually increasing. There are drug addicts who use several dozen bottles of tropicamide a day!

Consequences of regular use of tropicamide

  • The main danger is the negative impact on the organ of vision. After application, the pupils dilate sharply, and the person feels pain even in low light indoors. There is a high risk of injury. Accidental experimentation with tropicamide often leads to blindness.
  • Addicts can be identified by the translucent, waxy skin of an unpleasant icteric shade. The body stops fighting infections. Ultimately, after the solution is injected under the skin, an abscess and even gangrene may develop.
  • As a result of the detrimental effect on the blood-forming organs, the level of hemoglobin sharply and rapidly decreases.
  • The toxic effect on internal organs leads to serious health problems. Hepatitis or hepatosis can lead to cirrhosis of the liver. Organ failure is sometimes noted.
  • Heart problems are often fatal. Arrhythmia, streptococcal sepsis, myocardiopathy are not jokes, but a serious threat to life.
  • From time to time, the addict begins to experience symptoms that resemble seizures of epilepsy. Memory impairment is observed. Personal degradation is inevitable. Serious mental disorders can occur.
  • In 100% of cases, withdrawal symptoms develop . During this period, the addict turns into an aggressive and uncontrollable monster, capable of anything for the sake of a dose. A person can cause serious harm not only to people around him, but also to himself. This is due to the unusually strong brittleness.

Dependence on tropicamide is a serious problem that cannot be dealt with on your own. A thoughtful and comprehensive approach is required. If you need help, be sure to contact our drug treatment clinic : we know how to find a way out of the most difficult situation.

Stretching for beginners – all about the benefits of stretching

It is impossible to imagine a full workout without stretching. Stretching is necessary for muscles after strength loads, with a permanent sedentary lifestyle. It makes muscle fibers elastic and flexible, and reduces the risk of injury and damage.

In fitness, stretching refers to a separate area – stretching. Such training is possible both with a trainer and at home. Stretching is useful for the elderly, athletes, people without training, and even pregnant women. Consider the benefits of stretching for the body, and how to start such workouts at home.

What is stretching and why do athletes need it?

A complete workout should consist of strength training, cardio training, and stretching. The former are necessary to increase strength, the latter – train the cardiovascular system and endurance. Why stretch? It helps to restore muscles after serious strength and cardio loads, relaxes the body and reduces the risk of injury.

As a rule, various stretches and breaks of muscle fibers occur precisely with unheated and insufficiently stretched muscles.

Stretching training involves a low efficiency load aimed at stretching the joints and muscles, increasing their flexibility and endurance. The main task of stretching is to accelerate fat burning processes, restore the body after training and prevent herbs. The advantage of such a training system is that beginners can practice stretching even without specialized equipment and the accompaniment of a trainer.

Additional benefits of stretching are as follows:

  • Strengthening of ligaments, connective tissue (tendons) and joints is observed.
  • Relief from muscle spasms.
  • Improving blood circulation in muscles – helps with injuries, sometimes stretching helps to get rid of pain in the lower back and joints.
  • Stretching relaxes and soothes, with regular training, the sleep regimen is improved, negative emotions go away.

Stretching classes are suitable for both experienced athletes and beginners. People without prior training should exercise at low intensity and avoid noticeable muscle pain. An alternative is a course of classes with a trainer who will select the load individually, gradually increasing it according to the characteristics of the organism.

Important! If you have not previously played sports or have not devoted time to physical activity for a long time, see your doctor for a consultation. Perhaps some chronic diseases (especially – injuries of the spine and hip joint) make it almost impossible to play sports without a specialist’s assistance.

Types of stretching

But if there are no contraindications to stretching, you will notice the effect after several weeks of regular exercise. Below we will look at a couple of exercises that can form the basis of your complex, but for now we will deal with the main varieties of this area of ​​fitness.


This is a type of stretching with a partner. The peculiarity of such workouts is as follows: you take the position necessary for the exercise, the partner makes efforts and stretches you. That is, only passive participation is required of you, there is an effect on the muscles locally, and such an activity can hardly be called a full load.

Example: You sit on the floor, straighten your legs in front of you and try to rest your head on your knees. The partner presses on the back, trying to stretch the muscles in the back of the thigh.


A popular form of stretching among professional athletes, it is especially effective before competition and peak seasons. Static stretching is done at the end of a workout and reduces the risk of pinching the muscles by making the fibers much more elastic. This prevents injury and damage. The principle of such stretching is simple: take the necessary position, trying to stretch the muscles to peak values ​​and freeze in this position for a few seconds (about 10), then smoothly return to the starting position.

Example: Stretching the back of your thigh, you try to reach the floor with your hands without bending your legs. Freeze for 10 seconds in the lowest position, and then gradually rise upward.


This stretch is the opposite of the previous one. All exercises are performed at an intense striking pace. Each new movement (jerk) should be deeper than the previous one, the amplitude gradually increases. This training format is not suitable for beginners and is aimed, first of all, at waking up already trained muscles. Jerk loads are contraindicated without a warm-up, since they are traumatic relative to the rest of the stretching.


Similar to static, only used to stretch one specific muscle group. During the exercise, you should freeze in a peak position for you. In this case, the pose is kept static due to one or two muscle groups. That is, the rest of the body is not involved in such exercises.

Example: Raising one leg to peak height and holding a few seconds.


Used as a warm-up before strength or cardio training. Exercises are performed at an active pace, and the program consists of complex loads that involve large muscle groups or the entire body. During dynamic stretching, the processes of fat burning, metabolism and blood circulation are activated.

Example: Bends of the body, intense swinging legs, lifts on toes, running with high knees, etc. You did almost all of these exercises in physical education lessons at school.

Stretching with resistance

An elastic band or a partner acts as a resistance. The scheme of action is similar to a passive stretch, but in this case the resistance should prevent you from taking the necessary posture at the peak. Thus, muscles work not only for stretching, but also for resistance. This increases the tension in the muscles, forcing them to contract at times harder.

One of the main rules of good stretching is proper breathing. It doesn’t matter what kind of stretching you choose, be sure to monitor your breathing rate, do not inhale through your mouth, keep a measured pace.

Is stretching possible at home

Stretching is good for getting started in fitness. That is why such a complex of training is chosen by mothers on maternity leave, elderly people (who find it difficult to observe the intensity of group exercises in the gym), beginners without physical training. At home, it is sometimes more comfortable to get ready and tune in to a workout than in an aerobic class.

Consider a few basic rules for stretching at home:

  • Choose the right training intensity. Read on the Internet for information about basic training complexes, watch a video with the correct exercise technique. The first lesson should be a test one – on it you will determine your real level of training. If it’s too easy for you, increase the load, and vice versa, knock it down if you feel severe pain or shortness of breath. The optimal intensity is when you find it very hard in the last seconds of the exercise and moderately hard at the beginning.
  • Study the contraindications. Pregnant women should be careful with stretching, there are certain restrictions for people who have suffered injuries of the musculoskeletal system (fractures, dislocations, displacements, etc.). If you still have doubts, it is better to visit a doctor to get rid of them.
  • Don’t forget about regularity. If you are exercising at home, it is often difficult to maintain a stable training schedule. One lesson a week is unlikely to bring the desired result. For beginners, the optimal frequency of stretching workouts is 2-3 times a week. Sometimes the number of classes is increased to four and alternated with other types of load.
  • Choose the right clothes. Since you will be stretching, the clothing should be athletic and should not hinder movement. All sports leggings or pants have special seams that will not dig into the skin and will not interfere with any stretching exercises. Be sure to choose either natural fabric or material that has been designed for sports. There is a risk of skin irritation in synthetic clothing. The composition should be spandex, nylon, etc.
  • Make progress. Explore additional materials on stretching, change the intensity of your workouts, their frequency or load. Over time, it is better to visit a trainer (at least several times) to gain new knowledge and make sure that you are doing all the exercises from your complex correctly.

Why it is useful to do stretching at home:

  • Muscles become toned, the body becomes more elastic and visually attractive.
  • The joints and tendons are strengthened, the risk of diseases such as osteoporosis and the risk of fractures are reduced.
  • The walls of blood vessels are strengthened, blood circulation is normalized. Sometimes girls even notice a decrease in the amount of cellulite (lymphatic metabolism in problem areas is stabilized).
  • Muscle spasms go away, muscles relax, recover faster and become elastic.
  • The posture becomes level and the back is strong.
  • Weight decreases gradually and without stress, as metabolic processes in the body are normalized.
  • The body becomes flexible.
  • The nervous system relaxes, stress resistance increases.

Possible contraindications for homework include various fractures (recent), displacement and dislocation of bones, already developed arthrosis and osteoporosis, various exacerbations of cardiovascular diseases. In any case, if you have any chronic disease, it is better to consult a specialist.

Can Stretching During Pregnancy?

During pregnancy, many types of physical activity are prohibited. Stretching can be done before childbirth, but only if you have a competent approach to building workouts. Stretching is believed to have a beneficial effect on the process of childbirth and childbirth.

Make sure that you and your baby are okay initially. Check with your healthcare professional to ensure that the fetus is in the correct position and that stretching will not harm your baby.

It is not recommended to do stretching for girls whose pregnancy is taking place with various complications, there is a possibility of premature birth or the threat of miscarriage. Also, stretching is contraindicated in low placentation and in the presence of a number of gynecological diseases. After consulting your doctor, you will determine the optimal physical activity for yourself during pregnancy.

How can pregnant women stretch? Trainings are mainly carried out in a sitting and lying position (on the back). Often experts recommend adding fitball to training during pregnancy – a special inflatable soft ball for fitness. The set of exercises for pregnant women is much easier than for beginner athletes. It is important to limit excessive stress on the lower back and abs.

If the set of exercises is selected correctly, then the expectant mother will not only improve her physical health, but also relax and be able to better prepare for childbirth. Even low intensity stretching improves blood circulation, helps to get rid of edema, which many women suffer from during pregnancy.

During pregnancy, you can take a training complex for novice athletes, but reduce the intensity (number of approaches, repetitions). You should also avoid abdominal exercises and those that involve a prone position on your stomach. See how you feel – if any discomfort or discomfort is felt, you should stop exercising.

Basic program for beginners

To better understand how the average stretching workout takes place, here’s an example of a basic set of exercises that all fitness fans with no experience in stretching should start with. The main task of the main set of exercises is to stretch the muscles, make them more flexible. In each exercise, you need to achieve a feeling of mild pain without discomfort and remain in this position for up to thirty seconds. It is recommended to repeat each exercise (for any muscle group) at least 5 times, and the workouts themselves – up to three times a week.

Stage one – warm-up

In any fitness workout, pre-warming up your muscles is very important. So you reduce the risk of injury, the muscle fibers themselves become elastic and pliable. Training will be many times more effective. The warm-up time should not be less than 10-15 minutes. It is better to run a little on the track (or on the spot), jump rope (if there are no problems with joints).

Stage two – legs

There are several basic exercises for stretching the legs, the features and techniques of which we will consider below:

  • Mach (glutes, thigh muscles, and knee tendons are involved). The technique is as follows – stand up straight, feet should be shoulder-width apart. Start with your right leg – in a level position, just take it forward a little and make springy oscillations to the left and right with a small starting amplitude. Increase the swing amplitude with each set. Make sure that your back always remains straight during the exercise. On each leg, allocate up to a minute of such swings.
  • Lateral lunges (train the inner thigh and buttocks). Starting position – standing with feet shoulder-width apart, hands on the belt. Take a side step to the right, squat down as deep as possible. The right leg is bent at the knee, as in a squat, and the left leg remains straight, touching the floor with only the foot. Body weight is transferred completely to the bent leg. When you sit as deep as possible, hold this position for up to one minute.
  • Cross swings (involving the back muscles, calves, hamstrings). Stand straight (feet shoulder-width apart), stretch your arms straight at the elbows in front of you at shoulder level. Lift each leg in turn so that the toe tends to touch the palm of the opposite hand. At the same time, the leg at the knee should remain straight.
  • Lunges with high knees (glutes, calves, thighs, and knee tendons). Put your hands behind the back of your head, step forward with maximum amplitude with your left leg. Returning to the starting position, lift the left knee as high as possible, leaving the right leg slightly bent at the knee.

Stage three – back

For the back in stretching, inclinations are considered effective. Only three of their types are considered basic:

  • Forward. While standing, bend forward with an even posture, placing one leg slightly in front. Try to touch your feet with your palms without bending your knees. You can also lean forward with your hands locked behind your knees. Try to touch your knees with your head and get down as low as possible.
  • Sitting. Spread your legs wide and bend your knees. Slowly as you exhale, bend forward and stretch your arms forward and try to touch the floor with your body. Exercise smoothly and without sudden jerks.

Stage four – hands

The first exercise is very simple, it helps to stretch the entire shoulder girdle. In a standing upright position, spread your straight arms to the side at shoulder level. Rotate in a circle with straight arms, trying to increase the amplitude and frequency of rotation. Change the direction of rotation and repeat the exercise.

The scissors exercise lengthens the flexor muscles of the elbow. Raise your straight arms straight to shoulder level. At the same time, cross your arms (the amplitude is similar to the work of scissors). First, one hand is above the other, then vice versa. The duration of the exercise is about a minute.

Abduction of hands behind the back. Exercise strengthens the extensors. First, raise your left arm bent at the elbow, your palm should be behind your head. With your right hand, grasp the palm with your left behind your back. Pull your left arm down until you feel muscle tension. In this position, you need to stay for thirty seconds and change hands.

Stage five – press

Lie on your stomach, lift your legs bent at the knees above the lower back. Try to bend in your back, grabbing your ankles with your hands. The purpose of the exercise is to create the maximum deflection in the lower back and touch the floor with only a small part of the abdomen.

Standing in an even position, raise your straight arms in the lock and try to stretch them as high as possible. While doing the exercise, tense the muscles of the buttocks, lower back and abs. Lean gently to the right and left, keeping your back and arms straight. Linger in the bend for thirty seconds.

Seated turns. Sit on the floor, support yourself with the back of a chair. Pressing your feet to the floor, turn your body to the left and right (leaning on the chair will help you not to change the position of your legs). Stay in peak amplitude for 30 seconds, try to increase the swing amplitude after each movement.

Stage six – stretching for the chest muscles

You need to lie on the floor with your back. The knees are bent at a 90-degree angle, the heels as close to the buttocks as possible. It is necessary to raise the hips with maximum amplitude until the muscles burn pleasantly. The shoulders remain on the floor. Hold the bridge up for 5-10 seconds. Get on your knees straight, tighten your thigh muscles and abs. Place your hands on your lower back and try to slowly bend your lower back, tipping your head back. Strive to bring your shoulder blades together and arch your lower back. Hold in the peak position for you for thirty seconds.

If you find it difficult

What to do if stretching at home seems too difficult or incomprehensible, it is better to do it with a trainer. A professional will select an individual load just for you, monitor the technique and will not allow you to give your all during the lessons not 100%.

Sometimes there are group stretching classes, some even outdoors. As a rule, training in a group or under the supervision of a trainer gives a good result, since beginners do not want to lag behind the group, and the trainer monitors the quality of the exercises.

Instead of a conclusion

So what stretching will do you, and why such workouts cannot be ignored by fitness fans:

  • Your joints and tendons will be much more elastic. You will get rid of pain in the weather, overwork and quick fatigue of the joints.
  • Strength training results will improve. Muscles grow much more efficiently if a sufficient amount of blood enters the fibers. Stretching improves blood circulation in training areas by stimulating muscle development.
  • Fast recovery and muscle regeneration. If you’ve recently been injured in training, stretching is a natural way to stimulate blood flow and repair muscle fibers.
  • Weight loss and normalization of metabolic processes. If you want to lose extra pounds, get rid of cellulite – stretching will complement your workouts and improve the result.

Stretching is important and necessary! Watch some instructional videos below and get inspired by the right exercise technique.

Water aerobics

Benefits for losing weight, exercises, results, reviews, contraindications

Water aerobics, subject to regular exercise, will allow a person of any gender to achieve significant results not only in losing weight, but also in effectively toning the muscle corset of the whole body.

Having studied the reviews of athletes, you can not only understand the approximate lesson plan, formulate for yourself its main advantages and disadvantages, but also determine the approximate time required to achieve this goal.

What is water aerobics

Water aerobics (reviews and results can be studied in the photo presented in the article) is a set of exercises performed by people at a fast pace. During the session, athletes are in the pool, the water in which reaches the level of the chest.

The effectiveness of such a complex is provided by the need for a person to overcome the natural resistance of water, while avoiding the “harmful” load on the musculoskeletal system and the cardiovascular system.

Even people who cannot swim can do aqua aerobics, because immersion in water occurs only up to chest level

If the workout is for people with good physical fitness, the basic exercises are complicated by the use of additional weights (for example, dumbbells or special foam blocks).

Why is water aerobics useful?

Aqua aerobics is useful not only in terms of its effectiveness in eliminating a person’s psychological discomfort or moral exhaustion (it has been proven that contact of mentally unstable people with water has a beneficial effect on the state of their nervous system, helping the body to rehabilitate in the shortest possible time). Group training also contributes to the physical development of athletes.

Muscle training

Muscle training during water aerobics classes occurs due to the implementation of active movements with parts of the body that are under water.

Despite the outwardly narrow focus of this type of training (training in water works out the stabilizing muscles and back muscles responsible for the formation of posture and support of the spinal column in the best way), overcoming water resistance is possible only in the case of complex involvement of the muscle corset.

The lack of firm support under the athlete’s feet while in the pool also contributes to the development of coordination of movements, an increase in body flexibility.


Aqua aerobics (reviews and results should be assessed only after studying the individual initial data) can not only tone up the muscle corset, but also have a relaxing effect on the muscles and the musculoskeletal system.

In the first case, the key is the fact that there is a constant massage of the body with water while the athlete exercises in the pool (the amount of lactic acid that provokes muscle pain is minimized). In the second case, the decrease in the load on the joints occurs due to a decrease in the actual body weight of a person during his stay in the water.

Water aerobics as a way to lose weight

When using water aerobics in order to reduce body fat, it is recommended to choose such areas of this type of fitness as:

  • Aqua-Circuit (“Aqua Circuit”) – circuit training of moderate intensity, involving the use of additional weights;
  • Aqua-Resist (“Aqua Resist”) – a complex exercise, consisting of loads, the purpose of which is to overcome the natural resistance of water;
  • Aqua-Power (“Aqua Power”) – strength training in the pool, designed for people with good physical fitness;
  • Aqua-fight (“Aqua Fight”) – suitable for people with any level of physical fitness, as it involves performing the simplest exercises in the water with elements of martial arts (kicks, kicks, and so on).

Strengthening the whole body

Regular water aerobics exercises also allow for general strengthening of the body. This is made possible by the hardening effect. Trainings in this direction are carried out in cool water. Thus, it is possible to increase the consumption of calories (the body spends twice as many calories to maintain heat exchange when the athlete is immersed in water) and to strengthen the immune defense of a person.

Active workouts in the pool also contribute to the release of joy hormones (endorphins) into the bloodstream , which have a positive effect not only on the functioning of the body’s internal systems, but also on maintaining a positive emotional state.

A great way to recover

The proven positive effect of water on the human psyche determines the effectiveness of aqua aerobics as a way to restore moral strength after a prolonged stay in a state of stress or moral exhaustion, which has a cumulative nature.

Starting metabolism

The acceleration of metabolic processes and lymph flow occurs due to the lymphatic drainage effect achieved during exercise in water. With the help of the massage effect of the aquatic environment on the skin of an athlete in the pool, metabolism is started, stagnation in human tissues is eliminated , swelling is minimized and blood circulation is improved.

Cons and contraindications

Aqua aerobics (reviews and results of experienced athletes make it possible to determine the effectiveness of this training), like other sports, has a number of contraindications.


  • respiratory tract diseases;
  • frequent cramps in the limbs;
  • serious diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • exacerbation of allergic reactions of the body;
  • poor health of a person (weakness, dizziness);
  • violations of the integrity of the spinal column in the past;
  • individual intolerance of the body to chlorinated water.

When deciding to start water aerobics classes, it is important to understand all the potential disadvantages of this sport.

The overwhelming majority of them are due to the fact that the water in the pools is most often disinfected with bleach, which may cause:

  • deterioration in the condition of the skin (excessive dryness, peeling);
  • the development of an allergic reaction;
  • deterioration in the appearance of hair (brittleness, dryness);
  • thrush (relevant for women with sensitive microflora of the genital mucosa).

Is it possible to practice who cannot swim

One of the advantages of water aerobics over other sports involving a person in the pool is that he does not need to have swimming skills. During group fitness classes of this kind, the athlete’s body is in the water only up to the level of the chest, while the legs rest tightly against the bottom of the pool.

If a set of exercises implies that a person has the ability to be afloat, the trainer will offer him special inflatable armbands or a circle belt that prevents the body from completely submerging under water.

Is it possible to deal with pregnant women

Pregnant women are allowed to practice aqua aerobics only after consulting their supervising gynecologist.

In the absence of contraindications, the expectant mother, through regular sports in the water, will be able to:

  • keep the body in good shape;
  • minimize the risk of stretch marks or cellulite on the skin, which is deformed during the process of carrying a child;
  • reduce the increased stress on the joints and bones of the lower body;

Painkillers at home – coping without drugs


Properly used, herbal pain relievers at home are able to show positive dynamics, having perfectly coped with pain. Moreover, natural natural remedies for pain relief, having an incomparably less severity of side effects than synthetic drugs, perform their functions no worse.

Everyone has to face manifestations of pain (less often or more often) throughout their lives, there is no person who has not at least once used the help of analgesics.

The body, especially over the years, the demand for pain pills increases. The necessary pharmaceuticals are always at hand, because a large number of people are forced to resist pain every day.

Painful sensations “accompany” the clinical picture of a number of pathologies, however, the forms of drugs intended to combat them are striking in their variety.

The medical arsenal of a home first aid kit is impressive – solutions for injections, gels, powders, ointments, tablets. The pain does not withstand such an onslaught and recedes, completely, or weakens.

Unfortunately, synthetic drugs have a downside (dark) side – a side effect that can create a tangible negative for health. Moreover, the manifestation of problems is possible not immediately (at the time of reception), but with a certain time lag.

A typical example: the systematic use of NSAIDs, analgesics, increases the risk of cardiac accidents (heart attacks), ulcerative lesions.

  • Rules for the use of painkillers
    • Indications for safe use
    • Terms of use
  • Headache
  • Joint pain
  • How to help a sick heart
  • Pain in oncology
  • Toothache

Rules for the use of painkillers

The onset of pain is a distinct diagnostic symptom (a “distress” signal) of internal problems that require urgent solutions. Analgesics (natural, synthetic) will only help to pacify (stop) the raging pain syndrome, but the root cause that provoked the appearance of pain discomfort will remain.

Pain is the language of communication of the body with us (indicates the area of ​​localization of pathology, the degree of damage), the occurrence of such an unpleasant symptom does not always require immediate elimination.

The main thing is to defeat the disease behind the painful discomfort.

If the manifestation of pain is excessive, then it is difficult to achieve improvement without the help of analgesics. However, long-term use, with moderate pain sensitivity, is not the best solution. Try to temporarily stop using painkillers, as side effects can distort the clinical picture of the disease.

It will be difficult for the doctor to make an accurate diagnosis in time, to determine the root cause (source) of the pathological process, the risks of complications increase.

To minimize the possible negativity from prolonged use of analgesics on the body, it is required to adhere to medical recommendations.

Indications for safe use

  • Musculoskeletal pain caused by physical strain.
  • Pathologies affecting the articular apparatus, especially chronic variants.
  • Injuries of minor severity – sprains, bruises, abrasions, cuts, burns.
  • Support for a diseased tooth (temporary).
  • Migraine attack , tension headache.
  • Chronic pain, if the cause of the provoking pain is identified (diagnosed).

The listed indications, of course, allow the use of an anesthetic inside , but when the pain syndrome is moderate, it is advisable to use external agents (ointments, gel) to relieve pain. You better save your stomach.

Internal admission requires extreme caution for patients who have officially “recorded” dysfunctions:

  • liver
  • Gastrointestinal tract
  • biliary system

Pain relievers are categorically unacceptable for cases of pain of an unexplained nature, localized in the abdomen.

The clinical picture characteristic of acute abdominal syndrome (abdominal disaster) is an absolute contraindication to self-administration of any anesthetic drugs.

Such a situation obliges to consult a doctor immediately, in order to avoid the development of extremely dangerous complications (peritonitis), which pose a real threat to life.

The choice, the appointment of an analgesic is carried out exclusively by a doctor, on the basis of the diagnosis carried out, a detailed anamnesis.

Terms of use

It is impossible to increase the dosage of the drug, it is initially permissible (in agreement with the doctor) to reduce a single serving by half.

Lack of the expected effect, a reason to use the second half of the pill.

One-component analgesics are more important than combined agents, since the severity of the inherent side effect is lower.

Permanent pain relievers are not acceptable because the safety of even the most “harmless” is very relative. The pain is temporarily blocked, the cause is not eliminated.

The body is intoxicated, the drug accumulates. A typical example is that regular doses of an analgesic increase the risks of kidney disorders (decrease in organ size, nephrocalcinosis). Always adhere to your doctor’s prescriptions.

If you nevertheless decided to take it on your own (an extremely rash act!), Then carefully study the instructions, where the maximum permissible daily dosage and the time interval for use are clearly formulated.

  • Take after meals with still water.
  • Analgesics and alcohol are completely incompatible concepts.
  • Sharp dagger pain in the abdomen or heart – call 03 immediately.
  • There are no harmless drugs, only more or less dangerous drugs are classified.

When the pain syndrome is moderate, which does not bring significant discomfort, natural natural analgesics will form a worthy alternative to pharmacological drugs. After discussing with your doctor, use herbal remedies in the fight against pain.


Initial letter Medicinal

Useful qualities

  • anti-inflammatory
  • analgesic
  • choleretic
  • soothes
  • stabilizes digestion


  • nervous irritability, exhaustion
  • dizziness
  • bronchitis
  • cystitis
  • hemorrhoids
  • chronic rhinitis
  • washing purulent wounds
  • rheumatism
  • gout

The initial letter is categorically contraindicated in pregnant women, among other absolute restrictions, hypotension, gastritis, thrombosis. Do not forget to observe the dosage, coordinate with your doctor.

It is unacceptable to use medicinal herbs without prior consultation, since the plant, in addition to its benefits, can harm the body.

Green Pharmacy Recipes

The infusion of the letter will help calm down, stop headache attacks:

  • chop dry grass
  • add boiling water, brew
  • proportion of 2 tbsp. l / 500 ml.

After insisting an hour and a half, use the resulting volume in equal parts. The resulting infusion tastes slightly bitter.

To overcome neuroses will help the juice of the drop cap with honey, a ratio of 1: 1, take in tsp.

Powder from dry leaves, 1 tsp, wash down with green tea.


The content of ascorbic acid, the saturation of the composition with carotene, vitamin E, and mineral salts, makes the plant a valuable representative of the flora. The list of positive properties is not inferior to vitamin “monsters” – rose hips, sea buckthorn.

Useful qualities:

  • analgesic
  • diuretic
  • sedative
  • anti-inflammatory


  • allergies – itching, burning, blistering
  • bowel disorder , ulcerative lesion
  • individual intolerance

Having bought the herbal preparation, make sure that there are no contraindications before taking it. Minimize the risks of side effects. The primary negative symptomatology is a signal to immediately interrupt the course, to consult a doctor.

Recipe in the piggy bank

To prepare a medicinal infusion, take in equal parts (tbsp) primrose, mint, valerian, lavender. Mix the ingredients thoroughly, add a glass of hot water. Bring to a boil, leave for an hour and a half, strain. Consume in the evening, just before bed.


The therapeutic efficacy of periwinkle-based preparations is due to the chemical composition of the plant, enriched with alkaloids. The quantitative indicator exceeds fifty.

The leading position in terms of content is occupied by vincamine, which improves:

  • oxygen uptake by brain tissues
  • cerebral circulation

List of actions:

  • sedative
  • hypotensive
  • vasodilator
  • hemostatic
  • anti-inflammatory


  • hypertension
  • pathologies of a neurological nature (autonomic neurosis, polyneuritis, the consequences of meningoencephalitis)
  • cerebrovascular accidents
  • gingivitis
  • toothache
  • eczema
  • increased intracranial pressure
  • halitosis
  • migraine
  • linen
  • throat ailments
  • ulcers
  • burns
  • sexual weakness
  • itching
  • dysentery


  • bradycardia
  • pregnancy, breastfeeding
  • hypercoagulation
  • constipation

It is necessary to use periwinkle at home carefully, strictly observing the dosage, preliminary consultation of an experienced herbalist is required.

The alkaloids “filling” the composition of the foliage are highly toxic. The slightest development of atypical symptoms is a clear signal to stop treatment, to consult a doctor.

Piggy bank recipe

Pour boiling water over the crushed foliage (1 tsp / 100 ml.), Boil for a minute, insisting half an hour, drain. Take a tablespoon.


Formulated with anthocyanins to support the nervous system.

Useful qualities of the berry:

  • the antioxidant protection is strengthened
  • immunity increases
  • reduced capillary permeability
  • the risks of the appearance of cholesterol formations are reduced
  • good for eyesight
  • antitumor
  • increases hemoglobin
  • hemostatic

Cherry confidently fights against inflammation causing pain (headache, muscle pain), and at the level of “reliable” pharmaceuticals.

The composition of the berry, enriched with a large amount of flavonoids, anthocyanins, helps to counteract:

  • gout
  • arthritis
  • diabetes
  • improves hematopoiesis (there is more iron than apples)
  • reduces the risks of oncology

Cherry is a natural analgesic, 20 berries alternative to an aspirin tablet. Try a similar replacement when your head hurts . It is a pity that the ripening season for this healthy berry is short-lived, and does not last all year round.

Joint pain

Pains of such localization are quite successfully relieved by natural analgesics . There are plenty of recipes, but the difficulty lies in the correct selection of the plant, taking into account the individual characteristics of the organism. An experienced herbalist’s consultation is required.


They act quickly, as the esters from the composition reach the blood rapidly. The therapeutic effect on the nervous system occurs through receptors, nerve endings, or the sense of smell, allows you to “pacify” the raging pain sensations.

Ether – relieves inflammation, destroys infection, a powerful home doctor for sore joints.


Essential oils contain ursolic acid, it is able to fight against inflammation, an excellent natural antiseptic.

Pour a tablespoon of dry grass with a glass of boiling water, let stand forty minutes, strain. Divide the resulting volume into four equal servings, consume a quarter of an hour before meals.


Inflammatory manifestations are minimized, stimulates the regeneration of damaged tissues, increases the elasticity of the ligaments.

To prepare the broth, you need 600 ml of water, add two tbsp. l. spices, boil for ten minutes. After cooling, add honey, drink the resulting daily volume in small portions.


Relieves pains of various nature, the chemical composition is “overflowing” with useful components:

  • iron
  • germanium
  • silicon
  • silicon
  • phosphorus
  • potassium
  • carotene

Ginger root is rich in fatty essential oils, amino acids, dietary fiber.

Beneficial features

  • analgesic
  • fortifying
  • fights against inflammation, viruses
  • mild sedative, helps manage stress
  • eliminates spasms
  • has a beneficial effect on the heart muscle
  • reduces edematous manifestations
  • diaphoretic

Recipes in the piggy bank

  • Pour the chopped root with boiling water (30 g / 400 ml.), Cook for a quarter of an hour, and then add 4 tsp to the cooled broth. honey, preferably linden.
  • A compress made from grated root gruel will deliver the expected relief to a sore joint, soothe pain syndrome, and reduce inflammation.
  • Tincture – wash, clean, grind half a kilogram of root. Add two liters of vodka, keep in a warm place for three weeks, shaking occasionally. The readiness of the infusion – the content resembles weak tea in color. Gently rubbing, the resulting composition treats the problem area.
  • Ginger therapeutic baths (2-3 sessions) can relieve joint pain. Dissolve dry powder, four tablespoons per liter. l., boil for fifteen minutes, add the broth to the bath.
  • For massage treatments, use ginger oil – mix a pack of neutral oil with one hundred grams of fresh crushed root. After filling the sealed container, it takes two weeks, the place is dark.


The composition is fairly enriched with flavonoids, which have an antioxidant effect, which minimizes pain spasms and inflammation.

The diuretic quality of horsetail helps to eliminate puffiness.

The high silicon content strengthens and regenerates joint tissues.

The recipe for the infusion is simple, 200 ml. boiling water two tablespoons of dry crushed raw materials.

Hold for a third of an hour, filter. Single serving 50 ml.

Fish fat

The saturation of the composition with omega-3 fatty acids increases the degree of elasticity of the connective tissues of the joints, the quality of intra-articular “lubrication”, strengthens the articular cartilage. Omega-3s are able to “pacify” pain syndrome. Soothes inflamed nerve endings.


If joints hurt, then do not rush to take synthetic analgesics, the functions of an anesthetic at home can be performed by a decoction of burdock.

Useful qualities

  • Esters and resins from the chemical composition of the plant reduce pain and inflammation, neutralize heat and swelling.
  • Pour boiling water over the crushed root (2 tbsp. Lodges) overnight, strain in the morning. Drink the resulting infusion in a quarter of a glass before meals.
  • Self-made burdock oil at home is an effective natural “tool” against joint pathologies.

How to help a sick heart

By replacing pharmaceutical pain relievers with homemade natural pain relievers, it is quite realistic to achieve relief of heart pain on your own, reducing the risk of heart attack.

There are plenty of options, however, the chosen method and method first requires a mandatory agreement with the attending physician.

For the core, such a consultation is especially relevant, rash actions, self-medication, is fraught with negative consequences.


The medicinal properties of the plant are multifaceted, among others, a positive effect on the smooth muscles of the internal organs. It is used as an adjunct therapy to normalize the work of the cardiovascular apparatus, again referring to it as “cardiac”.


  • weakening of the heart muscle
  • dystrophy
  • hypotonia

Stir a liter of warmed dry wine with one hundred grams of dry cuff. Store for two weeks, the place is cool, dark, shaking the contents daily. Then cook for three minutes, let cool, drain. Drink according to Art. l., before meals.


Helps against neuroses, cardiac, pulmonary pathologies. Influence spectrum:

  • pain reliever
  • diuretic
  • expectorant
  • cleansing

Shortness of breath and pain in the heart will recede, try to drink a decoction of dried lovage roots (1 l / 50 g). Boil for a quarter of an hour, insist for five minutes, take a glass, prepare a fresh portion of the broth every day.

Hot red pepper

The composition of the spice contains capsaicin – an analgesic effect, has a detrimental effect on pathogenic microorganisms, and normalizes coronary blood flow. Capsaicin inhibits the synthesis of substances that transmit pain impulses from the affected area to the brain through the nervous system.

Pepper diluted in hot water is an alternative to nitroglycerin for an ambulance, acceptable in shock situations.

Spice has an amazing property – to reduce high blood pressure, and, on the contrary, to increase low blood pressure.

When the diagnosis is pathology of the cardiovascular apparatus (angina pectoris, arrhythmias, hypertension), diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, then the aggressive nature of the spice must be taken into account. A doctor’s consultation is required, the reception is careful, start with the minimum dosage allowed by the doctor.

Recipes in the piggy bank

To prevent the fire in the oral cavity from raging, it is convenient to “wrap” a pinch of red pepper powder in a bread crumb.

If the pain is piercing, dagger (attack, jump in blood pressure), dilute a pinch of ground red pepper powder in a glass of hot water, drink.

Fragrant violet


  • pain reliever
  • calming
  • anti-inflammatory


  • heart pain
  • noise in ears
  • pneumonia
  • dysmnesia

Tea made from violet flowers will help soothe pain in the heart muscle. Drinking such a drink is required three times a day.

Pain in oncology

Pain syndrome accompanies cancer, and with an increase in the stage, it rapidly increases. The etiological factor is diverse, not thoroughly studied, provoked by:

  • spasms
  • swelling
  • squeezing nerve endings

Far-reaching forms are accompanied by excruciating, unbearable pain, and even the help of pharmacological drugs is not always effective.

However, it is categorically impossible to put up with the disease, you need to believe and fight, since the current success in oncology treatment will allow more patients to hope for an improved prognosis, an increase in the quality and duration of life.

Traditional techniques use herbs:

  • antineoplastic
  • painkillers
  • anti-inflammatory
  • calming

Most herbs are poisonous, handling requires extreme caution, strict adherence to the dosage agreed with the oncologist, consultation and regular observation are required.

It is required to understand that traditional forms of therapy are an auxiliary measure, comprehensively complementing drug treatment.

Calamus swamp

The ability to relieve pain is comparable to synthetic analgesics, the rhizome of the plant contains many “variants” of essential oils.

The healing properties are due to the rich chemical composition:

  • alkaloids
  • glycosides
  • cholines
  • resin
  • tannins
  • phytoncides
  • iodine
  • organic acids

Tinctures and infusions of swamp calamus are shown

  • chest pain
  • heart pains of unknown etiology
  • metastases in the mediastinum
  • cancer of the lungs, esophagus , trachea
  • tumor pericarditis

Infusion of rhizomes – fill a thermos with crushed root, add hot water (a glass for two teaspoons), insist for twenty minutes. Drink warm, a quarter glass.

Tincture – add one hundred grams of chopped root to vodka (liter), put at room temperature in a dark place for two weeks. Drink before meals, 20 drops, daily.


Poisonous perennial herb of the buttercup family, a natural pain reliever, anticancer “drug”, quite successfully minimizes the intensity of pain at 3-4 stages of the oncological process.

Compared to Dzungarian, Altai aconite is less toxic, while taking the tincture it becomes possible to reduce to a minimum or completely cancel synthetic analgesics. The pain either does not declare itself in any way , or the nature of the manifestation is insignificant, relieved by minimal doses of conventional painkillers.

It is recommended to purchase alcoholic tincture of aconite root exclusively in certified pharmacy chains. Inside strictly according to medical prescriptions (usually they use the “slide” method from 1 to 20, adding 1 drop daily, then down the same way).


The second name is wolfberry, belladonna, saturated with atropine – the key alkaloid of the composition, with inherent antispasmodic and neurogenic qualities.

Small doses of belladonna are an effective remedy, an overdose is a strong poison, serious poisoning.

From fruits, seeds, root extract, foliage, homeopathic remedies are made with a triad of main therapeutic properties: analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory.

It helps against pains of various origins ( myalgia , ulcerative lesions of the intestines, kidneys), however, strict adherence to the dosage regimen is extremely important. Remember, the plant is poisonous.


Is taken orally for pain of various etiologies

  • oncological
  • gout
  • rheumatism
  • tuberculosis of bones
  • neuralgia

Helen is able to withstand severe pain, however, a very poisonous plant, it is recommended to take it only after the permission of the doctor, strictly observing the dosage. Self-administration is categorically unacceptable.

To correctly observe the dosage, use the pharmacy option.

To heal the organism of a cancer patient with herbs is a long procedure lasting months or even years. In the course of treatment, unfortunately, the body becomes a “reservoir” for the accumulation of toxic substances.

A similar “piggy bank” set of side effects:

  • drugs
  • cytostatic herbs
  • radiation therapy

Toxins getting into the blood “clog up” the liver and kidneys.

Cleansing herbs (burdock, chamomile, mint) will help you survive toxic attacks.


When a tooth hurts, you cannot do without the help of a dentist, but it is not always possible to visit a doctor’s office promptly. Use natural analgesics to numb the pain.

Pharmacy chamomile

There are no studies confirming the effectiveness of chamomile as a pain reliever, but this remedy remains in high esteem with the dentist. Ordinary rinsing with warm infusion will help relieve inflammation, stop a pain attack.


A natural analgesic to relieve dental pain, it contains eugenol, which has analgesic and antibacterial qualities.

To overcome a toothache, various versions of this spice are used:


For additional cleaning and disinfection, rinse your mouth with warm salt water. Then take a pinch of clove powder and place it between the sore gum and cheek. Pain will recede.


After rinsing your mouth, take two stars. Hold in your mouth as close to the affected area as possible until they begin to soften. If the pain syndrome is strong, chew the softened stars, more healing oil will come out.

Clove oil compress


The analgesic qualities of ginger have already been mentioned above in the text; during toothache, it will also provide all possible help. It is required to chew the ginger root, then attach a piece to the gum – the pain will subside.

Essential oils of ginger kill germs, freshen breath, and is recommended for periodontal disease.

Painful sensations are inherent in most neuralgic pathologies, a number of gastrointestinal diseases. Adequately used natural pain relievers at home can replace synthetic ones, and quite successfully. This topic is extensive and deserves special attention.

What is Pole Dance – pole or pole dancing?

Today we will talk about pole dancing – Pole Dance, because today it is one of the most relevant dance trends, as well as how pole dancing differs from pole dancing in strip clubs, because it is far from the same thing.

What is Pole Dance?

Pole Dance is a pole dance (steel pole) that combines elements of choreography, artistic gymnastics and acrobatics.

It does not require special physical training, all the necessary skills and strength are acquired in the process of systematic training.

Many people confuse it with striptease and female pole dancing in brothels, although there is nothing in common between. “But what about the pole?” You ask.

What is the difference between pole and pole dancing?

The pole or, more precisely, the pole in Pole Dance is the main working element, it is a sports equipment on which all the tricks are performed. In striptease, the pole has rather a decorating role, the stripper spins around it, performing elementary dance movements – there is no question of any tricks and the active role of the “pole” here.

Striptease is a “freebie” and demonstrating yourself next to the pole. Pole Dance is a physically challenging pole dance, more like a power sport. Do you understand now the main difference between pole and pole dancing?

In addition, pole dancing is practiced by women of all ages (children and adults, young girls and aged women). Men, by the way, are also no exception – they dance on a pole, performing beautiful strength elements of special difficulty.

They usually go to Pole Dance because “I saw beautiful photos from a friend, I also want”, “I want to lose weight, I tried everything”, “It’s so sexy”, “I want to tighten my body” and for many other reasons – explainable and inexplicable.

Pole Dance is it a striptease?

The pilonists are, of course, accused of being similar to striptease not only because of the pylon, but also because of the open clothes in which the dance is performed. But here there are few similarities with striptease, because in Pole Dance it is simply necessary to keep some parts of the body open for the possibility of grip with the pole!

There is no dispute over clothing in sports such as swimming, figure skating and tennis. The principle is the same here. But the controversy continues. Unfair, but true. Maybe it’s not so bad? As they say, black PR is also PR.

Types and varieties

There are three main directions of Pole Dance:



Sport / Fitness

They differ significantly from each other.

Exotic dance style

In Exotic Pole Dance, choreography prevails over the strength elements in a ratio of about 70% to 30% , in addition to this, many dance elements are performed in the so-called stalls – i.e. On the floor.

Exotic is distinguished by eroticism and plasticity of movements. But don’t confuse Exotic with striptease! There is no undressing here; in competitions in this type of dance, the participant is disqualified for being naked.

Art Pole Dance Style

Art direction in pole dancing, which is characterized by the most harmonious combination of choreography and power elements – about 50% to 50%.

Here the emphasis is on the technique of performance, the quality of the tricks, the costume of the performer. Pole Art is Pole Dance in its classical sense.

Sport / Fitness Pole Dance

Sport / Fitness is the most challenging area physically. Here 70% is given to the quality and complexity of the strength elements. As the name implies, Sport is a Pole Dance sport direction.

How is pole dance training going?

How does Pole Dance workout go? First, be sure to warm up (warm up) to avoid injuries and sprains. This is a very important part of the workout, as a good warm-up makes the workout more fruitful and safe, prepares the muscles and ligaments for physical activity.

After that, you can start performing simple Pole Dance elements on a pole and twists. Further, when the body is already warmed up enough, a set of stretching exercises (both static and dynamic) is performed.

Flexibility is critical to most pole dancing tricks, which is why stretching exercises are present in every workout, ideally done both after warm-up and after the workout.

After stretching, the actual strength training begins, in which the elements on the pole (pole) are worked out. A lot of physical energy is spent on strength training, and that’s what it is about strength.

To perform complex tricks in pole dancing, a checkmate is provided (and in the literal and figurative sense =). After the strength training is over, the coach will stretch and cool down.

At this point, Pole Dance training can be considered over. The trainer can also conduct specialized training in choreography and plastic or stretching.

Benefits over other types of dance

What are the advantages of Pole Dance over other types of dance? The main thing is that there is no place for boredom in Pole Dance. There are no boring memorized movements here. Here you are constantly growing, learning more and more new tricks, from the simplest to the most difficult – there is no limit to perfection.

You are always interested, because every workout is a victory over yourself in the literal sense! In Pole Dance training, you will be amazed at what your body can do, convinced from your own experience that a person can do anything. One has only to want.

But Pole Dance is not only euphoria and admiration for oneself and one’s own skills. These are calluses on the hands, and bruises all over the body – especially at first, in the first months.

Then the bruises go away, mostly come back only when working on a new element. Sometimes, as with any sport, sprains and sports injuries occur.

Pole Dance is constant work on yourself, hone your skills, overcoming fear and pain. But is it a minus? The more effort is spent, the sweeter the taste of victory.


Music during workout helps to relax nervous and muscle tension. With pole dance you become more plastic and graceful, and at the same time – more self-confident. Dance Pole of Dance – the art of control with his body, to which one can not but look with admiration. This is the feline grace and lightness behind which there are years of training in the gym.

Slimming and sports

Pole Dance and sports pole dancing is a combination of business and pleasure. This is not only a dance, but also a sport. The pole is a trainer that allows you to work with your own weight, build muscle strength and keep your whole body in good shape.

During training on the pole, the body experiences a tremendous physical stress on all major muscle groups, especially the upper ones (back, abs, arms). Half-dancers work to the limit of their capabilities, so their muscles develop very quickly, the body becomes more fit and athletic.

Stretching and flexibility

In addition to a toned body, Pole Dance gives flexibility and health to joints and ligaments, because most of the elements of this dance are built on acrobatic elements that require not only remarkable strength, but also truly fantastic flexibility.

Paradoxically, Pole Dance in this regard has much more in common with ballet than striptease, as many mistakenly believe. But that doesn’t mean you don’t belong there without stretching – flexibility also develops over time! It also happens that a person finds out that he has good “hereditary” flexibility only in training.

Acrobatic stunts

Pole Dance is a cocktail of thrills based on various acrobatic elements that make the audience in awe of delight. Pole tricks are the “salt” and meaning of Pole Dance, the envy and admiration of friends and acquaintances. Their implementation requires the development of coordination and balance, flexibility and strength, which is achieved during training. Each trick you master is a big victory over your fear, pain is a victory over yourself.

Hobby or lifestyle?

Many come to Pole Dance and start learning power pole dancing out of curiosity and find their vocation in it. For example, Anastasia Skukhtorova. Like most pilonists, she started from scratch, but in a short time she became one of the best in the world.

This is a vivid living example of the fact that the Pole Dance does not require special physical preliminary preparation, everyone can do it, and the necessary skills are acquired in the process of training (unless, of course, you do not stand idle next to the pole, but work hard on yourself at every training session). And there are many such examples.

Happiest sport

This article is my personal review of Pole Dance. There are many articles on this topic on the Internet, but, unfortunately, many of them can hardly be called truthful and reliable. I hope that my feedback on pole dancing will be useful, if only because I know what I’m writing about from personal experience.

I have been practicing Pole Dance for 10 months – it was an incredible 10 months! Before my eyes, people were changing beyond recognition. They come unsupported, without stretching, without physical form, with an absolute “tree”. And a few months later, even the most zero beginners are hanging upside down without fear, mastering all new acrobatic tricks – full of enthusiasm and the desire for new victories, for new achievements.

All of the photos for this article show these former novices with zero training.
And in the main photo for the article and here, it’s me:

I would never have believed that I could do this in such a short time, as well as achieve such a good physical shape – many thanks to my coach Maria Khripkova – “Our Masha” and thanks to Pole Dance for such a discovery of myself!

Well, on this I will end my short story about my impressions and a review about Pool Dance and pole dancing, also next time read in detail about pole dancing, and the features of this less athletic, but for men, usually even more interesting direction in dance art. And also about other types of dances, about how to choose the right kind of sport and even about a strength training program for women in the gym.